Electric vehicles are only practical for short-distance transport.
Driving ranges of electric passenger cars now exceed 600 km and can thus cover the majority of trips made by Europeans.
Over the past decade, we have seen a significant improvement in battery technology, with energy densities almost tripling since 2010. This has allowed increased driving ranges and current models have ranges exceeding 600 km. This demonstrates that electric vehicles are no longer limited to short-distance transport. Furthermore, since more than 80% of motorists across Europe drive less than 100 km in a typical day, electric cars can already cover most trips without the need to charge on route.
Heavier vehicles, such as trucks, have shorter ranges due to the capacity constraints of batteries. However, further advances in battery technology will allow for longer ranges in these segments. For those vehicles that are hard to electrify directly at present, due to weight and range requirements, e-fuels may be an appropriate solution.
Kyle Field, “Clean Technica,” Clean Technica, 2020, https://cleantechnica.com/2020/02/19/bloombergnef-lithium-ion-battery-cell-densities-have-almost-tripled-since-2010/.
Sunday Times Driving, “10 ELECTRIC CARS WITH 292 MILES OR MORE RANGE TO BUY INSTEAD OF A DIESEL OR PETROL,” 2020, https://www.driving.co.uk/news/10-electric-cars-248-miles-range-buy-instead-diesel-petrol/.